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The Pantheon is located in the 5th arrondissement. It is the necropolis of great men: politicians, artists, painters or man of letters. This tomb is considered as a historical monument. It is an iconic address from a historical and architectural perspective. A masterpiece of Soufflot, it has been founded in honor of “Sainte-Genviève”, patron saint of Paris, to celebrate the monarchy under Louis XV.
The Pantheon is a perfect illustration of neoclassicism. It is located in the “Latin District” and has a unique architecture thanks to its sculpture, its wall paintings and its facade which is similar to the Pantheon of Rome.
The Pantheon is at Saint-Genviève Mountain and offers a stunning view over Paris.
The visit can be extended to the Latin district to discover the Cluny museum, known as “Musée national du Moyen Âge”. This 3 500 m² museum gathers one of the largest art work collections of the medieval era. The “Jardin des Plantes” and “Jardins du Luxembroug” are also unavoidable addresses for a walk in a greenery setting. The district is also known by the large number of universities such as Sorbonne, Panthéon-Assas or Paris Descartes.
The Pantheon is dedicated to the memory of men and women who marked the French history. A very frequented venue, the pantheon is located in the latin district and it is served by the metro line 10. There are many stations: “Maubert-Mutualité”, “Cardinal-Lemoine” …
Concerning the RER, the visitors can take the line B and get off at the “Luxembourg” station, then pass by the Palais, headquarter of the Senat.
The bus lines 21, 27, 83, 84, 85, 89 offer a fast and comfortable access to the Pantheon. The lines 21, 27 and 83 are accessible to the persons with reduced mobility.
Currently, the venue is under renovation. The dome is still inaccessible for the visitors, however, they can access to the nave and the crypt.
A short history
In 1744, after recovering from a long sickness, Louis XV vowed to renovate the Abbey of St Genevieve church, located in a mountain with the same name. 11 years later, Louis XV called on the services of the architect Jacques Soufflot in order to start the works and honor the patron saint of Paris. The architect was fan of Greek-roman style so he made the Pantheon in a cross shape with a nave in the middle. In 1791, the church was transformed into a mausoleum for the interment of the great Frenchmen. In 1837, a gold inscription “To great man, the grateful homeland” was engraved on the pediment to honor the great men of the revolution.
It was a temple for burials and has a liturgical function. After Victor Hugo funerals, it renamed officially to the Pantheon. 72 men are laying down in it mainly Victor Hugo, Emile Zola, Jean Jaurès, Andrés Malrauxand others.